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凹形运动体三自由度入水运动特性数值研究
Numerical simulation on the influence of motion parameter on motion characteristics of concave body water entry
路丽睿1, 魏英杰1, 王聪1, 王海洋2, 宋武超1
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作者单位:1. 哈尔滨工业大学 航天学院, 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150001;
2. 中国科学院苏州生物医学工程技术研究所, 江苏 苏州 215000
中文关键字:凹形运动体;入水;数值计算;运动特性
英文关键字:concave body; water entry; numerical simulation; motion characteristics
中文摘要:为研究凹形运动体三自由度入水过程运动特性,本文基于RANS方程和VOF多相流模型,结合重叠网格技术和动网格技术,对凹形运动体入水过程开展了数值仿真研究。通过数值计算结果与实验结果比较,验证了数值计算方法的有效性。基于该方法分析了不同垂向速度和水平迁移速度对凹形运动体三自由度入水过程运动特性的影响规律。研究结果表明:凹形运动体入水后旋转运动受喷溅冲击影响较大;下落过程中质心运动轨迹存在回摆而呈现“Z”型特征;垂向速度的增加对质心回摆运动具有抑制作用,而水平迁移速度的增加对其具有促进作用。
英文摘要:In this paper the influence of motion parameter on motion characteristics of concave body water entry are conducted based on the RANS equations and VOF (volume of fluid) method. The dynamic mesh method and overlapping grid methd are used. The effectiveness of numerical method are verified by comparison between numerical and experimental result. The influence law of x-direction and y-direction velocity of water entry with three degree of freedom on motion characieristics are researched based on the numerical method. The results show the impact force from liquid splashes has great influence for the rotation of concave body. The trajectory shape like "Z" because of the change of velocity direction. The x-direction and y-direction velocity also have important influence for the impact force from water entry and liquid splashes, and dynamic lift from convex surface of concave body.
2018,40(9): 13-20 收稿日期:2017-12-27
DOI:10.3404/j.issn.1672-7649.2018.09.003
分类号:U661
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(11672094)
作者简介:路丽睿(1994-),男,硕士研究生,研究方向为多相流体动力学
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